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Information about this family


Conidae
This is one of the precious families and second to the Cypraeidae in popularity. Cones have an elegant shape and are extremely colourful. The roughly 700 species show a large degree of infraspecific variability: the specialist is often able to tell the region a cone comes from, just by its aspect. When alive, Conidae are covered by a periostracum which is often very thick: their cleaning needs time and collecting the shells needs careful handling, as the lips are extremely fragile. When diving for the larger species, each shell has to be put in a separate bag. The family contains a large number of famous species, and we refer to the introduction, where one can state that their popularity started together with the very beginning of shell collecting. Conus gloriamaris is, among collectors, certainly the best known shell, perhaps even more known than the great classic tiger cowry, Cypraea tigris. It is necessary to be aware of the fact that collectors recognise large groups within the family. In order of popularity they are: Brilliant Cones - this is a small group of cones with a polished, cowry-like surface. They all live in fairly deep water, most often in colonies, and are uncommon, if not extremely rare. Without doubt the most beautiful ones among the family: C. bullatus, C. adansoni, C. cervus and C. vicweei. Caribbean Cones - they are not very large, but have a light, very attractive gloss and apart from a few, all of them are rare. Their colours may be bright, and their patterns are amongst the most fascinating ones found in the shell world. We here refer to the fabulous cedonulli-complex. Indo-Pacific deep water Cones - most often a porcellaneous texture and glossy. Sometimes bright and on several occasions with a purple-blue base colour, which is rare in shells. A few species are large, such as C. tisii and C. pergrandis. These are, by the way, favourites. Indo-Pacific shallow water Cones - contains about 100 species of rather common Conidae that have spectacular patterns. The outer surface is often dull, but a few have a silky aspect. Shells of this group that are not immediately and carefully cleaned, will lose this silky aspect, and of course much of their attractiveness and value. Eastern Atlantic Cones - this group contains a large number of taxonomically confusing species. The shells are most often small, despite the fact that the giant of the family, Conus pulcher, is found among them. Their shells are seldom porcellaneous, most often dull and their colours not very bright. For several of the students on Conidae nevertheless the most interesting group. They can be subdivided into West-African Cones - contains all the cones from the Canary Islands south to Zaire. The Conus mercator puzzle is fantastic as it combines exquisite patterns with a large variability in colour and shape. Cape Verde Cones - a complex of most intriguing shells, all very endemic and often hard to obtain from the Cape Verde Isles, 500 km offshore from Senegal. Angola Cones - another complex, similar to the Cape Verde Cones. Also hard to get but theore interesting. South African Cones - not very large and not very attractive. However, the group contains some exceptions to this rule. Collectors should know that until about 1985 it was difficult to obtain these shells alive. The vast majority of South African cones in collections are dead specimens: completely ruined. Since the live collected shells are available, museums and collectors should make an effort to replace the old stuff. Panamic Cones - contains the Conidae found from California south to Chile. Apart from a few often quite common and not very puzzling or sensational in colour. The large number of species, subspecies and forms discovered each year necessitates the constant attention of the collector and an uninterrupted effort to keep his library and knowledge up to date. It is also this feature that renders Cone-collecting so attractive. The shells are taxonomically difficult. This is a source for reflection and an exercise for intelligence. Collections specialised in Conidae are spectacular: apart trom the infraspecific variation, many species are also extremely variable within each population. Large series from each population are advised. We refer interested collectors to the monographs of Marsh and Rippingale (1964) and Walls (1977). Classic information, such as on their use of poison, can be found in almost all manuals on shells.



Conus saharicus

CONIDAE

Conus saharicus

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Asprella limpusi

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Asprella limpusi

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Austroconus clarus f. seagravei

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Austroconus clarus f. seagravei

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Austroconus cyanostoma GREEN-BLUE

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Austroconus cyanostoma GREEN-BLUE

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Cylinder victoriae

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Cylinder victoriae

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Cylinder victoriae f. complanatus

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Cylinder victoriae f. complanatus

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Cylinder victoriae LARGE

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Cylinder victoriae LARGE

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Dyraspis dorreensis

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Dyraspis dorreensis

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Endemoconus sculletti

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Endemoconus sculletti

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Floraconus anemone anemone

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Floraconus anemone anemone

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Floraconus anemone f. compressus

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Floraconus anemone f. compressus

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Floraconus anemone fusiformis

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Floraconus anemone fusiformis

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Floraconus anemone novaehollandiae

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Floraconus anemone novaehollandiae

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Floraconus aplustre

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Floraconus aplustre

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Floraconus klemae

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Floraconus klemae

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Kioconus reductaspiralis

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Kioconus reductaspiralis

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Plicaustraconus advertex

CONIDAE - AUSTRALIA

Plicaustraconus advertex

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Asprella armadillo

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella armadillo

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Asprella australis duplicatus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella australis duplicatus

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Asprella australis duplicatus f. cebuganus

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Asprella australis duplicatus f. cebuganus

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Asprella blanfordianus

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Asprella blanfordianus

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Asprella blanfordianus LARGE

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Asprella blanfordianus LARGE

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Asprella blanfordianus SPECIAL COLOR

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Asprella blanfordianus SPECIAL COLOR

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Asprella bruuni

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella bruuni

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Asprella guidopoppei FLECKED

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella guidopoppei FLECKED

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Asprella guidopoppei ORANGE-BROWN

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella guidopoppei ORANGE-BROWN

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Asprella inscriptus inscriptus f. cuneiformis

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella inscriptus inscriptus f. cuneiformis

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Asprella janus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella janus

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Asprella janus DARK

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella janus DARK

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Asprella kinoshitai

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella kinoshitai

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Asprella kinoshitai f. calliginosus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella kinoshitai f. calliginosus

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Asprella kinoshitai LARGE

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella kinoshitai LARGE

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella kinoshitai YOUNG

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Asprella laterculatus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella laterculatus

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Asprella lienardi

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Asprella lienardi

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Asprella neptunus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella neptunus

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Asprella ochroleucus

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Asprella ochroleucus

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Asprella oishii

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Asprella oishii

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Asprella oishii ALBINISTIC

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Asprella oishii ALBINISTIC

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Asprella oishii ORANGE

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Asprella oishii ORANGE

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Asprella oishii SPECIAL COLOR

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Asprella oishii SPECIAL COLOR

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Asprella pergrandis

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Asprella pergrandis

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Asprella phuketensis

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella phuketensis

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Asprella samiae

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Asprella samiae

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella samiae f. habui

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sogodensis

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Asprella spectrum

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella spectrum

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Asprella spectrum f. stillatus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella spectrum f. stillatus

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Asprella sulcatus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus

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Asprella sulcatus f. bocki

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus f. bocki

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Asprella sulcatus f. bocki PERIO

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus f. bocki PERIO

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus f. brettinghami

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Asprella sulcatus f. brettinghami GIANT

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus f. brettinghami GIANT

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Asprella sulcatus f. brettinghami LARGE

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus f. brettinghami LARGE

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Asprella sulcatus GIANT

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcatus GIANT

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Asprella sulcatus LARGE

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Asprella sulcatus LARGE

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Asprella sulcatus PERIO

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Asprella sulcatus PERIO

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Asprella sulcocastaneus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Asprella sulcocastaneus

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Asprella tamikoae

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Asprella tamikoae

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Asprella wittigi

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Asprella wittigi

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Bathyconus comatosa

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus comatosa

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Bathyconus comatosa ALBINISTIC

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus comatosa ALBINISTIC

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Bathyconus comatosa DARK

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus comatosa DARK

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Bathyconus comatosa FREAK

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus comatosa FREAK

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Bathyconus coriolisi

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus coriolisi

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Bathyconus coriolisi ALBINISTIC

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus coriolisi ALBINISTIC

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Bathyconus coriolisi FREAK

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus coriolisi FREAK

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Bathyconus insculptus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus insculptus

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Bathyconus insculptus SECOND

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus insculptus SECOND

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Bathyconus insculptus YOUNG

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus insculptus YOUNG

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Bathyconus orbignyi orbignyi

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus orbignyi orbignyi

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Bathyconus saecularis

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus saecularis

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Bathyconus saecularis LARGE

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus saecularis LARGE

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Bathyconus saecularis SPECIAL COLOR

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Bathyconus saecularis SPECIAL COLOR

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Calamiconus escondidai

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Calamiconus escondidai

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Calamiconus quercinus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calamiconus quercinus

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Calamiconus quercinus f. albonerosus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calamiconus quercinus f. albonerosus

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Calamiconus quercinus SPECIAL COLOR

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calamiconus quercinus SPECIAL COLOR

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Calibanus aegrotus BROWN

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus aegrotus BROWN

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus aegrotus CREAM

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus aegrotus OLIVE

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus aegrotus ORANGE-RED

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus aegrotus SPECIAL COLOR

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Calibanus aegrotus YELLOW

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus aegrotus YELLOW

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus albicans

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus albicans BROWN

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus albicans FREAK

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Calibanus albicans GIANT

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus albicans GIANT

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Calibanus albicans LARGE

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus albicans LARGE

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Calibanus albicans PATTERNED

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus albicans PATTERNED

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Calibanus concolor

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus concolor

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus furvus

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Calibanus furvus CREAM

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus furvus CREAM

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Calibanus furvus f. albus

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus furvus f. albus

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Calibanus furvus f. albus CREAM

CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus furvus f. albus CREAM

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CONIDAE - INDO-PACIFIC

Calibanus furvus f. neobuxeus

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